Arthritis

Arthritis

arthritis title image

Arthritis

Arthritis is a one type of disease which is affected to multiple joints. In so many people this disease started to small joints like Metacarpal joints, write joints, ankle joints then it spread to other joints like knee joints, shoulder joints.

Types of Arthritis

1) Osteoarthritis 2) Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Osteoarthritis symptoms can usually be managed, although the damage to joints can’t be reversed. Staying active, maintaining a healthy weight and some treatments might slow progression of the disease and help improve pain and joint function.

Symptoms

vitiligo symtoms

Osteoarthritis symptoms often develop slowly and worsen over time. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain: Affected joints might hurt during or after movement.
  • Stiffness: Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.
  • Tenderness: Your joint might feel tender when you apply light pressure to or near it.
  • Loss of flexibility: You might not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion.
  • Grating sensation: You might feel a grating sensation when you use the joint, and you might hear popping or crackling.
  • Bone spurs: These extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, can form around the affected joint.
  • Swelling: This might be caused by soft tissue inflammation around the joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just yourjoints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels

An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues.

Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.

Symptoms

vitiligo symtoms

Signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include:

  • Tender, warm, swollen joints
  • Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
  • Fatigue, fever and loss of appetite

Early rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect your smaller joints first — particularly the joints that attach your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet.

As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders. In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body.

About 40 percent of the people who have rheumatoid arthritis also experience signs and symptoms that don’t involve the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many non-joint structures, including:

  • Skin
  • Eyes
  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Salivary glands
  • Nerve tissue
  • Bone marrow
  • Blood vessels

Rheumatoid arthritis signs and symptoms may vary in severity and may even come and go. Periods of increased disease activity, called flares, alternate with periods of relative remission — when the swelling and pain fade or disappear. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis can cause joints to deform and shift out of place.

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